NuvaRing is the trade name for a combined hormonal contraceptive vaginal ring manufactured by Organon that is available by prescription. It is a flexible plastic (ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer) ring that releases a low dose of a progestin and an estrogen over 3 weeks.
HOW NuvaRing® WORKS
NuvaRing® contains 2 types of hormones: estrogen and progestin, which work together to prevent your ovaries from producing mature eggs. These are the same hormones found in the Pill, and they work the same way in your body even though they are administered differently with NuvaRing®.
With NuvaRing®, hormone release is activated once the ring comes into contact with your vagina. The hormones are then absorbed and distributed into your bloodstream.
When used as directed, NuvaRing® works as well as the Pill—it is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
Some women may have undesirable side effects while using NuvaRing.
Some of the most common side effects usually clear up after two or three months. They include the following:
- bleeding between periods and/or brown discharge between periods,
- irregular long-lasting brown vaginal discharge,
- vaginal irritation and/or vaginal infection,
- breast tenderness,
- nausea and vomiting,
- decreased libido.
After NuvaRing use is stopped, it usually takes one or two months for a woman’s periods to return to the normal menstrual cycles she had before using NuvaRing – women could have irregular periods and/or irregular brown discharge or absent periods (post-NuvaRing amenorrhea). After NuvaRing use is stopped, women could have brown discharge and/or irregular periods for as long as 6-8 months after stopping. This is more likely if women already had irregular periods before using the NuvaRing.
Above mentioned NuvaRing side effects including brown discharge could be explained by hormonal changes developed by NuvaRing hormones (estrogen and progestin) which work together to prevent women ovaries from producing mature eggs.
How to insert NuvaRing®
After washing and drying your hands, remove NuvaRing® from the foil pouch. Holding NuvaRing® between your thumb and index finger, press the sides together while lying down, squatting, or standing with one leg up—whatever is most comfortable for you.
Gently push the folded ring into your vagina. If you feel discomfort after inserting NuvaRing®, slide it farther in until it feels comfortable. The exact position of NuvaRing® is not important for it to be effective. Once inserted, keep NuvaRing® in place for 3 weeks in a row.